The decedent owned real estate and/or minerals, how do we sell it or distribute it to the decedent’s heirs or devisees?

If the decedent owned real estate or minerals, some legal process must be had in order to transfer ownership title to the heirs.  Normally this includes filing a Petition to Sell real property and obtaining court approval.  If the decedent dies with or without a will, the estate must conduct a probate proceeding.  If the decedent died with a properly drafted and funded trust, there is a chance the Trustee can simply execute a deed transferring the property to the heirs/beneficiaries.